Article Structure and Formatting

Article Structure and Formatting

Article Structure and Formatting

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice or Microsoft Word.
  • The article must consist; Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Analysis & Discussion, and Conclusion.
  • The manuscript's language should be English, the abstract should not be more than 300 words and the overall text should be restricted to around 5000 to 10000 words including everything i.e. bibliography, tables, etc.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points as per APA style.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

To submit a manuscript, first make sure you have a Word file from which the title page and all author-identifying references have been included. Acknowledgments of others’ help in preparing the paper for submission should be included in the letter to the editor that is featured as part of the web-based submission process. Your entire submission (including references) is single-spaced in 12-pitch or larger font with margins of one inch or more. Your submission contains few and only necessary footnotes or endnotes. Any hypotheses are explicitly identified as such. Constructs and variables are identified in words, not abbreviations.

Content and length of manuscripts

Constructs and variables are identified in words, not abbreviations.

  • The Editor welcomes original articles which fall within the aims and scope of the Journal, and which are as concise as the subject matter and research method permitted.
  • The manuscripts language should be English and where possible the text should be restricted to around 5000 to 10000 words including all. 
  • The first page of the text should begin with the title, author’s name, and affiliations, and an abstract of no more than 500 words. Plus, a list of at most three to five keywords, suitable for indexing and abstracting services. This abstract should summarize the whole paper and not the conclusions alone.
  • Manuscripts should be typed single-spaced.

Preparation of manuscripts

  • A title page should give the title of the manuscript, the author’s name, position, and institutional affiliation, together with an address for correspondence; in the case of co-authors, names and affiliations, and addresses should be clearly indicated. Correspondence will be sent to the first-named author unless otherwise specified. In order to enable the publisher to do everything to ensure prompt publication, the full postal and email addresses should be given to the author who will check the proofs, along with the telephone, telex, and telefax numbers where possible. Any acknowledgments desired should also be placed on the cover page.
  • Figures, tables, and footnotes should be placed within the Text Where it is in the doc. should be reasonably interpretable without reference to the text. Footnotes should be avoided if possible; where they are used they should be numbered consecutively with superscript Arabic numerals.
  • With regard to manuscripts that refer to questionnaires or other research instruments which are not fully reproduced in the text, the author may also submit a copy of the complete research instrument. Where research instruments are not fully reproduced, a note must be inserted on the cover page indicating the address from which the complete instrument is available.
  • Hypotheses should normally be presented in the positive rather than the null form so that each hypothesis states the result that is expected if the prior theoretical development is supported by the empirical evidence. However, where a null result provides support for a theoretical position or where no prior expectation exists, the null form is appropriate. Care should be taken to state clearly how standard statistical tests were applied (e.g. one- or two-tailed). Where possible, statistical significance should be stated to the nearest percentage point (e.g. p < 0.04) rather than at conventional levels of significance.

Literature citations should be made in a uniform style in text and footnotes, and follow the American Psychological Association (APA) latest edition preferably using reference management software (e.g. Mendeley, EndNote, etc.).

The final formatting of the manuscript will be done by a team from the Abbottabad University Journal of Business and Management Sciences.